According to the layout and use of stage lighting, stage lighting is generally divided into surface light, ear light, top light, column light, side light, heaven and earth row, foot light and so on.
The surface light is installed above the stage curtain, and is mainly thrown into the front stage performance area to highlight the character shape or the three-dimensional effect of the objects on the stage. Usually, beam lights and return lights are used.
The slaps are installed near the entrance to the left and right sides of the stage curtain. The light is cast from the side to the stage performance area. Similar to the surface light, it crosses the left and right to the stage. It is used to strengthen the three-dimensional sense of the stage scenery, props and characters. Beam light and return light are used.
The top light is a lamp on the top of the stage. It is generally installed on a lifting hanger. It is mainly used for the backstage lighting in the stage. It is directed to the backstage performance area. It is mainly used for the occasion where strong lighting is needed from the top. Commonly used lamps are beam lights, back light, astigmatism light.
The column light is installed on the inside of the stage false stage entrance, and casts light from the inside of the stage entrance to the performance area. It is also called inner ear light, which is used to make up for the lack of face light and ear light. Generally, low-power beam lights and soft light lamps are installed.
The side lights are placed on both sides of the stage bridge, and are shot from the heights on both sides to the stage. They are used as auxiliary lighting for the actors' faces, and can be used to enhance the setting level. The lamps are commonly used as beam lamps.
The sky light is installed in front of and above the sky screen. It is a lamp that is used to project the sky screen. It is generally 2-6m away from the sky screen. It can change the color and background of the sky screen. Astigmatism and flood lights are commonly used. The ground row light is located in front of and below the sky curtain, and the backlight strikes the sky curtain, and the distance from the sky curtain is 1-2m. It is used to express the special effects of the horizon, horizontal lines, and mountain sunrise. The commonly used lamps are astigmatism and floodlights.
The foot light is set on the inside of the stage, and is shot obliquely upwards to the actor and the curtain to compensate for the steepness of the surface light, eliminate the shadow in front of the actor, and throw it to the curtain when closing. Generally, the beam light is used to change the color of the curtain.
According to the types and effects of stage lamps, there are beam lights, par lights, moving head lights, laser lights, follow lights, effect lights, etc. The effect lights can also be subdivided into imaging lights and heaven and earth lights.
Beam lights are spotlight-type lamps. The light emitted is a bright beam of light. It is used in explosive scenes, such as close-ups during opening shows and singing and dancing. With strobes, it can make a passionate visual impact.
The main use of par lights is to dye and change colors, to create the atmosphere of stage performances. There are large and small power beads. The commonly used colors of the beads are red, green, blue, and white. The color mixing effect is rich.
Moving head light through X, Y axis movement, to achieve color change, pattern, strobe and other functions, has a strong dynamic, is the first choice of lighting equipment for stage lighting in the world, and is divided into moving head beam lights, moving head pattern lights, moving head dyeing Lights, and beam pattern lights in two, or multifunctional three in one.
The laser light divides a laser beam into many beams through the vibration reflection of two galvanometers, which can print patterns, characters, etc. The high-speed laser beam can bring a very dynamic effect.
Follow lights are used to remotely illuminate specific local objects or people on the stage, producing circular light spots, which can be strobed, color-changed, and the size of the light spots adjusted.
The imaging lamp has a variety of beam angles to choose from, which can cut the light spot into various shapes such as squares, rhombuses, triangles, or project various patterns.
The skylight is a high-power astigmatism light. The skylight is used to illuminate the sky curtain from top to bottom. The light is placed on the stage. The bottom of the skylight is illuminated upwards. Even.
In addition to these common stage lighting, daily stage performances can also be equipped with threaded lights, return lights, soft lights, strobe lights, etc.