The future of stage lighting systems is very exciting. After the emergence of incandescent lamps, the technical transformation of the stage lighting system began with the emergence of Leko lamps in the 1930s. In the 1960s, the emergence of SCR dimmers radically changed the development of stage lighting systems. At present, automated lamps and computer lights (early appeared in the 1970s) are setting off another revolution in stage lighting technology.
Computer software for stage lighting design will continue to develop, and will eventually allow the designer to dominate his "visual" technology in a completely artistic "interactive" way. Today's lighting software offers designers only assistance with design, painting and paperwork. Future stage lighting design software will be able to use "haptic screen" and "speech recognition" functions. The intelligent control of stage lighting systems has begun to take shape.
However, looking at the domestic market, we often hear salespeople and customers saying, "We are using imported XX ..." Why do domestic stage lights fall behind in the eyes of people?
Development of domestic stage lighting industry
First, cause analysis
1, backward ideas
Backward concepts involve many aspects. On the manufacturer's side, some people think that the technology content of lamps and lanterns is low. At first glance, there is no need to invest in the development. They only need to imitate it. Others believe that there is no market for high-end products. Turn a blind eye to various technical standards and norms; even the legal concept is low, it is good enough, and it is fake and inferior. From the user's perspective, some theater troupes believe that as long as the lighting can cope with the performance, they are unwilling to invest more funds to update equipment or purchase high-end lamps; some theater managers exclude high maintenance requirements, use complex high-performance lamps, and leak light. It doesn't matter whether it is satisfied that there are no problems in the performance, and it is enough to change the light bulbs; there are a few lighting staff who are used to the old lamps and are unwilling to accept new things and new products.
2, weak design power
Some lamp manufacturers have few or no designers, and their professional level is low. They often hire people temporarily when developing new products. Although it may be possible to invite real lighting experts, they do not know the stage and the function of this lamp in the stage, and may not be able to design the lamps that are welcomed by the stage. In addition, people leave after product development and cannot improve or upgrade the product.
3. Insufficient investment in lamp development and lack of technical reserves
In recent years, some discerning manufacturers in China have begun to invest a lot of money to develop new products, but for a country as large as China, it is still not enough. Driven by economic benefits, short-sighted behavior is common, and even more willing to invest heavily and make technical reserves are even rarer.
4. Low-end market impact
At present, many theater troupes and theaters suffer from economic constraints, especially the numerous small and medium troupes and prefecture-level theaters. Therefore, the products with low price and low performance still have a wide market. As manufacturers compete for the low-end market, price wars are inevitable. The cost of the product can be saved by one point and never by five cents. The material is thinner, the wires are thinner and shorter, and the process is less. The quality of the product is worn away. High-end products, such as Yangchun Baixue, have very few partners. They are unsatisfactory. In addition, manufacturers' own capabilities are not enough, and they are comfortable in the low-end market.
5. The manufacturer's management level is not high
Most domestic lighting factories are small enterprises, and many of them are private enterprises. Although a few have passed ISO9000 and other international certifications, there are still a lot of workshop-style production and home-style management, lacking the construction of a modern enterprise system.
6. Impact of foreign advanced products
The introduction of foreign advanced lamps has brought new technology and new ideas to the people, and has also impacted the domestic market. At present, high-end products can be said to be foreign products, and many large-scale theaters built in the past two years have adopted imported lamps as long as economic conditions permit. Some domestic manufacturers are unable to compete with foreign brands and can only abandon the development of high-end products, which has a certain negative impact on the development of domestic lamps.
Twenty-two, make plans
Facing the current situation, what actions should businesses take?
1, update ideas
Concepts are the most important key points. New concepts can have a new look and a clear direction. The updating of concepts is multifaceted, which is the same as the analysis of the reasons for the above gaps.
2. Master the dynamics and cutting-edge technology of the development of world stage lamps
In today ’s open market economy and today ’s advanced information technology, it ’s not difficult to understand the development trends and frontiers. The key is to be interested. Browsing the Internet may be one of the best methods. To eliminate. Those who have the conditions can join organizations such as ESTA and integrate themselves into the international industry. Not only can they understand development trends early, they can also participate in standards setting and other tasks, and master the technical initiative.
3. Strictly implement relevant standards and implement domestic and international certification of products.
At present, the relevant standards for stage lighting are mainly safety standards. GB7000.1-1996 "General Safety Requirements and Tests of Lamps" and GB7000.15-2000 "Safety Requirements for Stage Lighting, Television, Film and Photographic (Indoor and Outdoor) Lamps" The International Electrotechnical Commission's corresponding standards are equivalent or equivalent, and the implementation of these standards is very beneficial for the products to be in line with international standards. China's 3C certification is a compulsory certification of product safety. Although the first batch of 132 products in 19 categories included in the compulsory certification does not include stage lighting, manufacturers should plan ahead. Safety certification is the general trend. Foreign products are certified by UL, CE, TUV, etc. As domestic lamps and lanterns want to enter the international market, these passes are essential. Visionary lamp manufacturers can start with domestic certification and gradually achieve international certification. At present, China can implement voluntary CQC certification for products that are not listed in the 3C certification. The "Voluntary Certification Catalog for Electrical Engineering" issued by the China Quality Certification Center (CQC) includes stage and film lighting.
At present, the use of two-core connectors without grounding in China's lamps is definitely not in compliance with any standards and cannot pass any certification. We take this opportunity to call on the lamp factory to stop producing lamps without a ground wire and only equipped with single-phase two-pole sockets. Universal three-core pigtail form, standards related to electrical grounding also QB / T2135-1995 "Technical specifications for single-phase three-pole plug sockets and connectors for film and television stage lamps" and WH / T17-2003 "Single-phase for stage lighting "Types, basic parameters and dimensions of three-pole plugs and sockets and connectors"), also called on colleagues in the lighting industry to cherish their lives and refuse to use lamps without grounding devices. They also called on relevant functional departments, such as technical supervision departments, to provide stage lighting The implementation of standards in production and sales is monitored, and the cultural system can also be managed by corresponding institutions. In the past ten years, many industry standards and national standards related to stage equipment have been formulated, some of which are compulsory, but they are basically in the situation of no one to implement after the formulation. The key lies in the lack of publicity and supervision. Among them, supervision is more important. Improving the level of stage equipment, including lamps, and integrating with international standards into the world economy, this situation of ignoring standards can no longer continue.
4. Strengthen industry management and coordination and give play to the role of industry associations (societies)
Under the market economy, the original scientific research system no longer exists, and the functions of government agencies such as the Education Department (Ministry of Science and Technology) of the Ministry of Culture and the Education Department (Science and Technology Department) of the provincial and municipal cultural departments have changed. Management and coordination roles, including the development of relevant standards and norms. Organizations such as the well-known ESTA (Entertainment Services and Technology Association) and USITT (American Theatre Technology Association) have a great influence in the industry and have played a significant role in the development of stage technology and products. The well-known DMX512 lighting control protocol The latest ACN network control protocols are from these organizations.
5. Foster domestic market and open up international market
Good products need mature market support. The market needs to be nurtured, and if there is a good market, there will be more and better products. Opening up the international market and integrating into the tide of the world economy can better improve the quality of products.